pleu-

pleu-
    pleu-
    English meaning: to run, flow; to swim
    Deutsche Übersetzung: “rinnen (and rennen), fließen; schwimmen, schwemmen, gießen; fliegen, flattern”
    Note: probably extension from pel- “flow, swim”, and originally ds. as pel(eu)- “fũllen voll” (“Überfluß, ũberfließend”)
    Material: O.Ind. plávatē ‘schwimmt, hovers, flies” (= Gk. πλέω, Lat. perplovēre, O.C.S. plovǫ), pravatē ‘springt auf, hurries “ (here and in Av. ava nifrüvayenta ‘sie lassen in Fluge heimkehren”, usfravü̊ nte “(die Wolken) steigen auf” kann also ein IE preu- ‘spring” vorliegen); Kaus. plaváyati “läßt swim, ũberschwemmt” (= Serb. ploviti, O.H.G. flouwen, flewen); lengthened grade O.Ind. plüvá yati “läßt swim”, Av. usfrüvayōit “daß er wegschwemmen could” (= O.C.S. plavljǫ, plaviti ‘swim lassen, schwemmen”); plavá- ‘schwimmend; m. boat, Nachen” (= Russ. plov); plutá- “ũberschwemmt” (= Gk. πλυτός “gewaschen”), pluti- f. “Überfließen, flood” (= Gk. πλύσις “das Waschen”), uda-pru-t- “in Wasser schwimmend”; arm luanam, Aor. luapi “wash” (*plu(ʷ)a-); Gk. πλέ(F)ω (ἔπλευσα, πλεύσομαι) ‘schiffe, schwimme” (Inf. Ion. πλέειν, πλῶσαι ‘schiffen”, but πλώειν, πλῶσαι ‘swim”); Ion. πλόος, Att. πλοῦς m. ‘schiffahrt”, (=Clr. plov), πλοῖον “Fahrzeug” (= O.Ice. fley ‘ship”); πλύ̄νω “wash” (*πλῠ-ν-ι̯ω; Fut. πλῠνῶ, Aor. pass. ἐπλύθην), πλυνός m. “Waschgrube”, πλύμα n. ‘spũlicht”, πλυτός, πλύσις (see above); πλοῦτος m. “Fulle, richness “; from the lengthened grade plō- besides πλώειν, πλῶσαι (see above), ἐπέπλων “beschiffte”, πλωτός ‘schwimmend, fahrbar”, Hom. δακρυπλώειν “in Tränen swim” (from *δακρυπλώς); Illyr. FlN Plavis: Lith. sea N. Plavõs; Lat. perplovēre (Fest.) “durchsickern lassen, leck sein”, plovēbat (Petron.), pluit, -ere “rain”; pluvius, pluor “rain”; O.Ir. loun “ trip food “, loan, loon “adeps” (*plou̯eno-; see under M.L.G. flōme); O.Ir. lu- “move”, Abstr. luud “Antrieb”, luud “aries = Mauerbrecher”; also cét-lud “coitus”; ess-com-lu- “proficisci”, ess-lu- “fortgehen, entkommen”, fo-lu- “fly”, lūamain “das Fliegen”, lūath “quick, fast”, lūas “ quickness “; O.Ir. lū(a)ë f. “ rudder, helm, calcaneus, tail”, (*pluu̯i̯ü), Welsh llyw “ruler, tax, tail”, O.Corn. loe “ruler”, M.Ir. lūam ‘steuermann”, Welsh llong-lywydd ds., Bret. levier ds.; O.H.G. causative flouwen, flewen ‘spũlen, wash” (= O.Ind. plaváyati), O.Ice. flaumr “current”, O.H.G. floum “colluvies; fat (obenschwimmend)”, M.L.G. flōme f. “rohes Bauchand Nierenfett”, Ger. Flom, Flaum m. ds., O.Ice. fley (= πλοῖον, *plou̯iom) n. ‘ship”; O.Ice. flūð f. “blinde cliff” (i.e. “ũberflutete”; ū : ō[ū] : ēu); plē- in M.H.G. vlǣ jen ‘spũlen”; plō[u]- in O.Ice. flōa, O.E.flōwan “ũberfließen”, Goth. flōdus (: πλωτός), O.Ice. flōð f. n., O.H.G. fluot “flood”, O.Ice. flōi m. ‘swamp, marsh”; Lith. causative pláuju, plóviau, pláuti “wash, spũlen”, Fut. pláusiu (*plōusi̯ ō); plū́ tis “offene place in Eise”; plevėsúoti “flutter”; O.C.S. plovǫ, pluti “flow, schiffe”, plujǫ ‘schwimme”, Kaus.-Iter. Serb. plòviti ‘schwemmen, swim”, Russ. plov “boat”, Clr. plov “natütiō”, lengthened grade O.C.S. plaviti ‘swim lassen”, -sę “navigare”, plavati ‘swim”; Serb. plȕta f., plȕto n. “cork”; *plū- in Inf. Russ. plytь, Serb. plȉti; Toch. А В plu- “fly, schweben”, В plewe ‘ship”. extensions: pleu-d-: O.Ir. im-lūadi “exagitat”, imlūad “agitatio”, for-lūadi ‘schwenkt”, lūaid- “move, erwähnen, äußern”; in addition M.Ir. loscann “frog” (‘springer”); O.Ice. fljōta, O.E. flēotan, O.S. fliotan, O.H.G. fliozan “flow”; O.E. flotian ‘swim”, flota ‘ship”, floterian “to flutter”, äGer. flutteren “volitüre”; Maybe Alb. flutur “butterfly” : Rom. fluture “butterfly”, Alb. fluturonj “fly” : Rom. flutura “wave, flutter, flaunt, fly”. dubious is die apposition from Goth. flauts “prahlerisch”, flautjan ‘sich großmachen”, O.H.G. flōzzan ‘superbire”; Lith. pláudžiu pláusti “wash, clean”, Ltv. plaûst ds., Lith. plústu, plū́ dau, plū́ sti ‘stream, fluten, ũberfließen”, plude ̃ “ Schwimmholz “, plūdì mas “das Strömen , Überfließen”, Ltv. pluduôt “obenauf swim”, pludi, pludińi ‘schwimmhölzer”, plûdi pl. “ inundation, flood”, plūdî t “ergießen, stream; bewässern”; Lith. plúostas “Fähre” (*plōud-tü), pláustas ds. (*ploud-tü). pleu-k-: Swe. Nor. fly “moor, fen, puddle, slop” (*fluhja-); O.Ice. fljūga, O.E. flēogan, O.H.G. fliogan “fly” (die Beseitigung of gramm. Wechsels probably through Differenzierung against fliehen = Goth. Þliuhan); in addition O.E. fleoge, O.Ice. fluga, O.H.G. flioga “fly”; dissimil. from Gmc. *flug-la- (compare O.E. flugol “fugax”) probably die words for “bird”: O.Ice. fugl, fogl, Goth. fugls, m., O.E. fugol, O.S. fugal, O.H.G. fogal m.; Lith. plaũkti ‘swim”; plùnksna f. “ feather “, older plū́ ksna.
    [u]References: WP. II 94 f., WH. II 326 f., Trautmann 223 f.

Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • -pleu — pleu·ra; …   English syllables

  • pleu — pleu·ra·can·thea; pleu·ra·can·thus; pleu·ric; pleu·ri·sy; pleu·rite; pleu·rit·ic; pleu·ri·tis; pleu·ro·bra·chia; pleu·ro·branch; pleu·ro·bronchitis; pleu·ro·cap·sa; pleu·ro·carp; pleu·ro·car·pi; pleu·ro·car·pous; pleu·ro·cen·tral;… …   English syllables

  • pleu — PLEU, pleuri, s.n. (reg.) Tinichea. – Din magh. pléh, scr. pleh. Trimis de oprocopiuc, 24.03.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  PLEU s. v. cositor, plumb, staniu, tablă, tinichea. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Sinonime  pleu s …   Dicționar Român

  • pleu|ra — pleu|ra1 «PLUR uh», noun, plural pleu|rae «PLUR ee». a thin membrane in the body of a mammal, covering each lung and folded back to make a lining for the thorax or chest cavity. ╂[< New Latin pleura < Greek pleur the side, rib, or pleurá… …   Useful english dictionary

  • pleu|ri|sy — «PLUR uh see», noun. inflammation of the thin membrane covering the lungs and lining the thorax, often marked by fever, chest pains, and difficulty in breathing: »Pleurisy usually occurs as a complication of pneumonia, tuberculosis, and other… …   Useful english dictionary

  • pleu — pleu, pleuch e, pleugh Sc. ff. plough …   Useful english dictionary

  • pleu- — To flow. Derivatives include pulmonary, Pluto, flow, fowl, flutter, and fluster. I. Basic form *pleu . 1. plover, pluvial, pluvious …   Universalium

  • pleu-pleu — ou plui plui (pleu pleu ou pluiplui) s. m. Pivert. ÉTYMOLOGIE    Imitation du cri de l oiseau …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • pleu|ron — «PLUR on», noun, plural pleu|ra. a lateral part of the body of an anthropod, especially of a thoracic segment of an insect. ╂[< New Latin pleuron < Greek pleurón rib, side] …   Useful english dictionary

  • pleu|ral — «PLUR uhl», adjective. of the pleura: »pleur inflammation …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”